Hypertension

Hypertension is another name for High Blood Pressure is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health complications.  Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including stroke, heart attack, heart failure and aneurysm. Sometimes it may suddenly leads to death of the person. Blood pressure is the force that a person's blood exerts against the walls of their blood vessels. This pressure depends on the resistance of the blood vessels and how hard the heart has to work.

Keeping blood pressure under control is most important for preserving health and reducing the risk of these dangerous conditions. Most people with high blood pressure have no signs or symptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels. A few people with high blood pressure may have headaches, shortness of breath or nosebleeds, but these signs and symptoms aren't specific and usually don't occur until high blood pressure has reached a severe or life-threatening stage.There are two types of high blood pressure:

Primary (essential) Hypertension: Mostly, there's no identifiable cause of high blood pressure. This type of high blood pressure called Primary (essential) Hypertension tends to develop gradually over many years.

Secondary Hypertension: Some people have high blood pressure caused by an underlying condition. This type of high blood pressure called secondary hypertension tends to appear suddenly and cause higher blood pressure.

Risk factors of High Blood Pressure includes Age, Race, Family history, Being overweight or obese, Not being physically active, Using tobacco, Too much salt (sodium) in your diet, Too little potassium in your diet, Drinking too much alcohol, Stress, Certain chronic conditions. Many Complications include

  • Heart Stroke
  • Heart Attack
  • Aneurysm
  • Heart Failure
  • Dementia
  • Metabolic Syndrome
  • Weakened and Narrowed Blood Vessels in Kidneys
  • Thickened, Narrowed or Torn Blood Vessels in Eyes

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