Cardiology is a branch of internal medicine that deals with the disorders of the heart as well as some parts of the circulatory system which includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure and electrophysiology. Physicians with specialization in this field of internal medicine are called Cardiologists. Pediatric Cardiologists are pediatricians with specialize in Cardiology. Physicians who specialize in Cardiac surgery are called Cardiothoracic Surgeons or Cardiac Surgeons, a specialty of general surgery.

In basic, Cardiologists study the disorders of the heart, but the study of adult and child heart disorders are through different training pathways. The surgical aspects are not included in Cardiology and are in the domain of Cardiothoracic Surgery. For example Coronary Artery Bypass surgery (CABG), Cardiopulmonary bypass and valve replacement are surgical procedures performed by surgeons, not cardiologists and insertion of stents and pacemakers is performed by Cardiologists.

A cardiologist specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases of the cardiovascular system. The cardiologist will carry out tests, and they may some do procedures, such as Heart Catheterizations, angioplasty, or inserting a pacemaker.

A cardiologist will review a patient's medical history and carry out a physical examination. They may check the person's weight, heart, lungs, blood pressure, and blood vessels, and carry out some tests.

An interventional cardiologist may carry out procedures such as angioplasties, stenting, valvuloplasties, congenital heart defect corrections, and coronary thrombectomies depending upon the severity of the patient. They may also carry out or order tests as:

  • Nuclear cardiology
  • Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Ambulatory ECG
  • Echocardiogram and stress test
  • Cardiac Catheterization

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